The Original Garden Fountain Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a imaginative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific expert.

Garden impression The forces of nature inspired him to examine the properties and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he carefully recorded his experiences in his now celebrated notebooks.

Combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural talent, early Italian water feature designers changed private villa settings into amazing water displays loaded with symbolic meaning and natural beauty. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Other fountain developers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water antics for the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic themes and time-honored scientific readings.

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