symptoms ADHD displays come in many forms and no two
people display the same symptoms of ADD or ADHD. The symptoms of ADD or
ADHD manifest itself in undue passivity or inattentiveness, or
uncontrollable, aggressive hyperactivity.
people with the ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder or ADHD may
be unable to sit still, plan ahead, finish tasks, or be fully aware of
what's going on around them. To their family, classmates and teachers,
these people with the symptoms of ADD or ADHD seem to exist in a
whirly-gig of disorganized or frenzied activity.
often use a checklist of symptoms to
determine whether a person has ADD or ADHD.
Washington D.C.-based American Psychiatric Association lists 14 symptoms of
ADD, of which at least eight
ADD symptoms must be present for a
child to be officially classified as Attention Deficit Disorder or ADHD.
ADD or ADHD:
fidgeting with hands or feet, or squirming while seated.
difficulty remaining seated.
Having difficulty awaiting turn in games or group activities.
Often blurting out answers before questions are completed.
Having difficulty in following instructions.
Having difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play
Often shifting from one uncompleted task to another.
Having difficulty playing quietly.
Often talking excessively.
Often interrupting or intruding on others.
not listening to what is being said.
Often forgetting things necessary for tasks or activities.
Often engaging in physically dangerous activities without
considering possible consequences.
Being easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder and ADHD are further broken into
three specific categories, each with its specific clinical presentation
that better describes a child’s behavior. These ADD
symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder and ADHD categories are
Inattentive Type (classic Attention Deficit Disorder),
Hyperactive/Impulsive Type (classic Attention Deficit Hyperactive
Disorder) and Combined Type (a combination of inattentive and
fails to give close attention to details.
makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities.
has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities.
becomes easily distracted by irrelevant sights, sounds and
does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork,
chores, or duties in the workplace.
Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
Often avoids tasks, such as schoolwork or homework, that require
sustained mental effort.
loses things necessary for tasks or activities, like school assignments,
pencils, books, or tools.
Often is forgetful in daily activities.
Rarely follows instructions carefully and completely.
does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
with symptoms of the
inattentive type ADHD display difficulty keeping their mind on any one thing. They may get
bored easily with a task and bounce to the next task, and the next task
after that. Organizing and completing a task proves troublesome, though
they may give undivided and effortless attention to activities and
topics they enjoy. People with ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit
Disorder often find that focusing deliberate, conscious attention to
learning something new is extremely difficult.
result, homework may be agonizing for people with the symptoms of ADD.
They might forget to write down assignments or bring home the right
books to complete the assignments. When doing homework, people with the
symptoms of ADD typically find their minds drifting every few minutes.
ADHD Symptoms of
Hyperactivity Attention Deficit Disorder:
fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat.
Often runs, climbs or leaves seat in settings where remaining
seated is expected.
runs about excessively in situations in where it is inappropriate.
has difficulty playing quietly in leisure activities.
- Is often
"on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor."
blurts out answers before hearing the entire question.
has difficulty awaiting turn or for a turn.
interrupts or intrudes on others at school or work and at home.
feels and acts restless.
display the symptoms of the
types ADHD with hyperactive
always seem to be in motion. Sitting still can be an impossible task.
They may dash around, squirm in their seats, roam around the room or
talk incessantly. They often do repetitive motions like wiggling their
feet or tapping their pencil to bring them back to focus and burn off
excessive energy. Many people who display the symptoms of Attention
Deficit Disorder with hyperactive feel intensely restless, fidget and
may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity
to the next.
display the symptoms of ADD with impulsivity
seem unable to curb their immediate reactions or think before they act.
They may blurt out inappropriate comments or run into the street without
looking. People with the symptoms ADD with impulsivity do not
"look before leaping." They may grab a toy from another child
or hit when they're upset. People who display the ADD symptoms of
Attention Deficit Disorder with impulsivity may find it difficult to
wait for things they want or to take their turn in games.
ADHD vs ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder:
ADHD Combined type
a mix of ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder and ADHD.
should know that not every overly hyperactive, inattentive, or impulsive
child with the classic symptoms of ADD or ADHD has Attention Deficit
Disorder. Everyone, at some point in his or her life, blurts out things
they didn't mean to say, bounces around a number of tasks or become
disorganized and forgetful.
typically consider excessive behavior that is long-term and pervasive
when looking at Attention Deficit Disorder symptoms.
qualifies as excessive? What time frame do you set on ADD symptoms of
Attention Deficit Disorder to qualify as long-term? Do the ADD symptoms
of Attention Deficit Disorder occur in several settings or only in one
typically consider these factors before reaching an ADHD diagnosis:
symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder were present before the
age of 7.
Symptoms are present in two or
more settings, whether school, social settings, work or at home.
There is clear evidence the symptoms of ADD cause a significant
impairment functioning in these settings.
The ADD symptoms cannot be
better accounted for by another mental disorders or medical
condition. There are a number of mental and medical conditions
that mimic the symptoms ADD and ADHD.
school environment demands concentration, attention, focus and extended
periods of sitting still, teachers are often the first to notice ADD
symptoms. However, a physician will
administer a professional test of ADD symptoms before making a diagnosis on the symptoms of ADD. Although
the symptoms of ADD seem fairly straightforward, several variances in
diagnosis and rate of prescriptions sheds light to the subjective nature
of Attention Deficit Disorder diagnoses.
Attention Deficit Disorder does not have clear physical signs that can
be seen in an x-ray or a lab test so ADD and ADHD can only be identified
by looking for certain characteristic behaviors – the ADD symptoms - and these behaviors vary from person to
Attention Deficit Disorder test physicians use to diagnose is subjective
and rests on observing the ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder.
Deficit Disorder ADD ADHD is one of the most common mental disorders
among children. Although medical professionals widely agree that people
do not outgrow Attention Deficit Disorder and the symptoms of ADD,
pediatricians prescribe more than 50 percent of all amphetamine
(Adderall) and methylphenidate
About 40 percent of all prescriptions for ADHD medications are
written for children three to nine years of age.
experts claim that the true prevalence of Attention Deficit Disorder ADD
ADHD in the United States is about three to five percent, or roughly two
million children. Currently, about six million children take
prescription ADHD medication for the symptoms of Attention Deficit
There are many others who use non-prescription
ADHD remedies to address
three times more likely to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, based on the
symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder, and receive prescription
stimulant ADHD medication. That boys
are generally more rowdy and energetic than their traditionally calmer
female counterparts should be no surprise to anyone accustom to living
with or working with young children.
surprising element is the high rate of placing the ADHD label on boys
with "symptoms of ADD" and the high rate of prescriptions
written for boys with symptoms of ADD and ADHD.
just being energetic boys when they display symptoms of ADHD? Or, are there true physiological differences
in boys that put them at a higher risk for Attention Deficit Disorder?
Despite the high frequency of ADD and ADHD diagnosis in boys, studies to
date do not confirm a strong physiological difference between the sexes.
within the country vary in Attention Deficit Disorder
diagnosis and prescription.
State Drug Enforcement Agency has a system that tracks Schedule II
controlled substances from point of manufacture to pharmacy location.
tracking system can determine the amount of methylphenidate
used per capita in entire states or by zip codes within a state.
shows wide variances in the use of Ritalin, Adderall and Dexedrine from
one state to another and from one community to another within the
data identifies some regions with almost no ADHD medication use and
other regions with 10 to 20 percent of student populations receiving
stimulant ADHD medication for the symptoms of ADD and ADHD.
New England states grabbed five of the top 10 slots for most prescribed
methylphenidate (Ritalin) and four of the top 10 slots
for amphetamine (Adderall) prescriptions.
state appeared on each list once and only one western state made one
the DEA 1999 ranking for the states with the highest use of
methylphenidate and amphetamine per 100,000 population:
1. New Hampshire
7. South Dakota
2. Rhode Island
3. South Carolina
something in the New England water or do physicians there use a looser
scale when looking at ADD symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder when
children from southern and western states display less ADD symptoms of
Attention Deficit Disorder or are the symptoms of ADD in these regions
more widely accepted as the rites of childhood?
Deficit Disorder ADD ADHD is identified as a national epidemic. Some
people argue that the symptoms ADD displays do not
point to a disease, but a personality type. Proponents of this line of
thinking argue against medicating to make children exhibit
physicians and parents alike believe the medical community, as a whole,
over-diagnose the symptoms of ADD and over-prescribe ADHD medications.
Many "newer school thinking" physicians believe parents should
carefully study the ADD facts and findings and research the benefits and
detriments of Ritalin, Adderall, Dexedrine and other ADHD medications
before making a decision to medicate the child with symptoms of ADD.